Many companies make the bases for the shampoos where they do all the premxing of surfactants, sles, other ingredients and sell the same to major industries These industries are mainly called the formulators and in this second level processing will involve only the addition of water, colour and fragrance. In case of ayurvedic or herbal shampoos, they add their propriety formulae ingredients themselves so that no one knows the exact nature of ingredients and its details.
VESSELS REQUIRED FOR A SHAMPOO PLANT
MAIN SHAMPOO MANUFACTURING VESSEL
Manufacturing vessel is cylindrical vessels with dished bottom vessels. Top of the vessel is also dished end welded. Agitator assembly in the manufacturing vessel., slow speed Anchor agitator is provided in the manufacturing vessel. However for best results contra rotating or semi contra rotating agitators are normally preferred by most of the manufacturers for excellent quality of the shampoo produced. CIP turbo disk is provided at the top of the vessel for cleaning. Suitable nozzles, manholes, valves etc are provided on the vessel. Vessel can also be provided with jacket which can be used for both heating and cooling if required by the client. Manufacturing vessel can be subjected to full vacuum.
Premixing vessel is cylindrical vessels with dished bottom vessels. Top of the vessel is also dished end welded or can be provided with loose lid too. Agitator assembly in the premix vessel. Is high speed cowl/ saw cutter type agitator. In some cases high speed homogenizer are also provided. CIP turbo disk is provided at the top of the vessel for cleaning. Suitable nozzles, manholes, valves etc are provided on the vessel. Vessel is provided with jacket for heating. Jacket can be steam heated or electrically heated as per clients requirement. Suitable insulation and cladding is provided on the jacket. There is no need for any vacuum in this vessel. Normally the capacity
of this vessel is 60 % the capcity of the main manufacturing vessel. Premix vessels can be 1 no or 2 nos as per the clients requirements and formulae of the shampoo.
Storage vessel is simple vessel used to store shampoos. It is cylindrical type of vessel with dished bottom, loose top lid. Bottom valve is provided with din fittings to facilitate the pipeline connection. Its capacity is the same as the manufacturing vessel. Normally storage tanks are more in number so that different types of shampoos can be manufactured and stored. Filling is then done as per the requirement & market demands.
SLES/ SURFACTANTS STORAGE VESSEL
In manufacturing of shampoos the SLES/ surfactants form a major ingredients. Hence it has to be stored in large quantities. Also if drums of 200 kgs are bought it will turn expensive for the manufacturers. Hence most of the manufacturers but one entire tanker of surfactants and store the same. Normally one weeks/ months usage of surfactants are normally kept stored to ensure continous production. Hence the capacity of this storage tank will be taking into consideration of the storage requirements of the client. This tanks are vertical tanks with big heights with flat bottom. Top is also closed with suitable manhole and nozzles for effective loading into the vessel through pumps. Similarly outlet is also provided at the bottom where the surfactants are tansfered from the storage vessel into the manufacturing vessel or premix vessel through pumps.
Transfer pumps are used to transfer material from premix vessel to the manufacturing vessel only if the mfg vessel is not under vacuum. If it is under vacuum the premix is automatically transferred into the main vessel through vacuum. Transfer pumps are required for the following
Transfering surfactants to premix / main vessel
From main vessel to storage vessels
From storage vessel to filling machine.
Interconnecting pipeline is provided for the plant as per the layout of the clients room size. All pipelines are electropolished from inside and outside. All joints are DIN standards quick openable types. Pipelines are used for transferring the surfactants from storage tank to premix vessels, from premix vessels to manufacturing vessels and from mfg vessels to storage vessel and from storage to filling line.
All vessels have CIP/ SIP nozzles & conical filters are provided at the discharge of the vessels. Entire plant is fully automatic and interconnected by suitable pipeline & requires only one operator for all the operations. Suitable working platform is provided for cleaning and maintainence. An integrated control panel fully automatic controlled by a PLC is provided. (Optional)
CONTROL PANEL & AUTOMATION
Control panel is provided with all the starters, overload relays, push buttons, lamps, ckt breakers etc. all hardware required for automatic operation of the shampoo mfg plant is provided in the control panel. Various automation is available as per clients requirements to name a few
PLC of any brand and configuration.
Load cells under each vessel
Pneumatically operated valves
Any Other custom built automation
Capacities of shampoo manufacturing plants manufactured
200 Ltrs to 20000 ltrs / batch
OTHER TYPES OF SHAMPOO PLANTS AVAILABLE
Shampoo plants are also available in economic range where open type with agitator vessels are provided with various cheaper options to suit every budget.